Marylebone Dental Care
25 Devonshire Place, London, W1G 6JD
Telephone (020) 7935-9320
Fax (020) 7935-4486

Periodontal Gum Treatment

What is it? 

Periodontal disease affects the gums and bone supporting your teeth. It is caused by sticky plaque and hard deposits of tartar. It usually happens when the teeth and gums are not kept clean enough. If you have very bad gum disease, you may have inherited it or there may be a problem with your general health. 

Who gets gum disease? 

Some people are more likely to have periodontal disease than others:

  • Crooked teeth are more difficult to keep clean so you might have gum disease localised in just one part of your mouth.

  • People have different bacteria in their mouths. This may explain why gum disease can   get worse very quickly for some people and not others.

  • Smoking and drinking a lot of alcohol can make gum disease worse.

  • Drugs and medicines can affect your gums

  • Diabetes and some other diseases can reduce how resistant gums and bones are to damage

  • Hormonal changes also affect gum health. If you are pregnant or using an oral contraceptive, you may notice much more bleeding of the gums.

Without regular cleaning, the gum will come away from the tooth, making pockets around the tooth where food and plaque can collect. Pockets are more difficult to keep clean so gum disease will usually get worse if nothing is done.

Gum disease has two stages.

It starts with inflammation-redness and swelling. This is called gingivitis. It can be cured by good oral hygiene .

The next stage is called chronic periodontitis. Some of the bone that supports the teeth is lost and the teeth become loose until the eventually have to be taken out. Peridontitis cannot be reversed once it starts but can be maintained by proper hygiene and regular root planning/deep cleaning from your dentist.

Treatment can be chosen according to the severity of the underlying problem.